A Systematic List of Mollusks
in the Northern Gulf of Mexico
off the Coast of Alabama

by Douglas N. Shelton

Alabama Malacological Research Center
2370-G Hillcrest Road #236
Mobile, Alabama 36695


1997 ALABAMA MARINE SPECIES LIST

Littoral (including estuarine), sublittoral, bathyal, and abyssal regions.

[Gastropoda] - [Scaphopoda] - [Polyplacophora] - [Bivalvia] - [Cephalopoda]
[Acknowledgements] - [References] - [Alabama Mollusks Homepage]

Class GASTROPODA
SCISSURELLIDAE
001 Scissurella crispata (Fleming, 1828)
HALIOTIDAE
002 Haliotis pourtalesii Dall, 1881
FISSURELLIDAE
003 Diodora cayenensis (Lamarck, 1822)

004 Lucapina suffusa (Reeve, 1850)

005 Lucapinella limatula (Reeve, 1850)

TROCHIDAE
006 Calliostoma benedicti Dall, 1889

007 Calliostoma euglyptum (A. Adams, 1854)

008 Calliostoma fascinans Schwengel & McGinty, 1942

009 Calliostoma jujubinum (Gmelin, 1791)

010 Calliostoma marionae Dall, 1906

011 Calliostoma oregon Clench & Turner, 1960

012 Calliostoma pulchrum (C. B. Adams, 1850)

013 Calliostoma sp.A

014 Calliostoma sp.B.

015 Gaza superba (Dall, 1881)

016 Microgaza rotella Dall, 1881

017 Solariella lacunella (Dall, 1881)

018 Solariella lamellosa Verrill & Smith, 1880

019 Solariella lubrica lubrica Dall, 1881

CYCLOSTREMATIDAE
020 Arene tricarinata (Stearns, 1872)

021 Arene variabilis (Dall, 1889)

022 Arene sp.

023 Dillwynella modesta Dall, 1889

TURBINIDAE
024 Astralium phoebium Roding, 1798

025 Ganesa sp.

026 Turbo castanea Gmelin, 1791

NERITIDAE
027 Neritina reclivata (Say, 1822)
LITTORINIDAE
028 Littorina angulifera (Lamarck, 1822)

029 Littorina angustior (Morch, 1876)

030 Littorina irrorata (Say, 1822)

031 Littorina lineolata Orbigny, 1840

032 Littorina ziczac (Gmelin, 1791)

RISSOIDAE
033 Alvania acuticostata (Dall, 1889)

034 Alvania auberiana (Orbigny, 1842)

035 Alvania precipitata (Dall, 1889)

RISSOINIDAE
036 Zebina browniana (Orbigny, 1842)
ASSIMINEIDAE
037 Assiminea succinea (Pfeiffer, 1840)
HYDROBIIDAE
038 Littoridinops palustris Thompson, 1968

039 Texadina barretti (Morrison, 1965)

040 Texadina sphinctostoma (Abbott & Ladd, 1951)

VITRINELLIDAE
041 Circulus multistriatus (Verrill, 1884)

042 Circulus suppressus (Dall, 1889)

043 Cyclostremiscus pentagonus (Gabb, 1873)

044 Cyclostremiscus beauii (Fischer, 1857)

045 Episcynia inornatus (Orbigny, 1842)

046 Parviturboides interruptus (C. B. Adams, 1850)

047 Solariorbis infracarinata Gabb, 1881

048 Teinostoma biscaynense Pilsbry & McGinty, 1945

049 Teinostoma parvicallum Pilsbry & McGinty, 1945

050 Vitrinella floridana Pilsbry & McGinty, 1946

FOSSARIDAE
051 Macromphalina palmalitoris Pilsbry & McGinty, 1950
CAECIDAE
052 Caecum bipartitum de Folin, 1870

053 Caecum cooperi S. Smith, 1860

054 Caecum cubitatum de Folin, 1868

055 Caecum floridanum Stimpson, 1851

056 Caecum imbricatum Carpenter, 1858

057 Caecum johnsoni Winkley, 1908

058 Caecum nitidum Stimpson, 1851

059 Caecum pulchellum Stimpson, 1851

TURRITELLIDAE
060 Turritella acropora Dall, 1889

061 Turritella exoleta (Linn, 1758)

062 Vermicularia fargoi Olsson, 1951

063 Vermicularia knorrii (Deshayes, 1843)

ARCHITECTONIDAE
064 Architectonica nobilis Roding, 1798

065 Architectonica peracuta (Dall, 1889)

066 Heliacus bisulcatus (Orbigny, 1842)

067 Spirolaxis centrifuga (Monterosato, 1890)

MODULIDAE
068 Modulus lindae Petuch, 1987

069 Modulus modulus (Linn, 1758)

POTAMIDIDAE
070 Cerithidea pliculosa (Menke, 1829)
CERITHIDAE
071 Bittium varium (Pfeiffer, 1840)

072 Cerithium atratum (Born, 1778)

073 Cerithium eburneum Bruguiere, 1792

074 Cerithium muscarum Say, 1832

075 Finella adamsi (Dall, 1889)

076 Finella dubia (Orbigny, 1842)

077 Seila adamsi (H. C. Lea, 1845)

CERITHIOPSIDAE
078 Cerithiopsis crystallina Dall, 1881

079 Cerithiopsis emersonii (C. B. Adams, 1838)

080 Cerithiopsis greeni (C. B. Adams, 1839)

081 Litiopa melanostoma Rang, 1829

TRIPHORIDAE
082 Triphora melanura (C. B. Adams, 1850)

083 Triphora nigrocincta (C. B. Adams, 1839)

JANTHINIDAE
084 Janthina exigua Lamarck, 1816

085 Janthina globosa Swainson, 1822

086 Janthina janthina (Linn, 1758)

087 Janthina pallida (Thompson, 1840)

EPITONIDAE
088 Amaea mitchelli (Dall, 1896)

089 Amaea retifer (Dall, 1889)

090 Epitonium albidum (Orbigny, 1842)

091 Epitonium angulatum (Say, 1830)

092 Epitonium candeanum (Orbigny, 1842)

093 Epitonium dallianum (Verrill & Smith, 1880)

094 Epitonium humphreysii (Kiener, 1838)

095 Epitonium krebsii (Morch, 1874)

096 Epitonium multistriatum (Say, 1826)

097 Epitonium novangliae (Couthouy, 1838)

098 Epitonium occidentale (Nyst, 1871)

099 Epitonium rupicola (Kurtz, 1860)

100 Epitonium tollini Bartsch, 1938

101 Sthenorytis pernobilis (Fischer & Bernardi, 1857)

EULIMIDAE
102 Eulimostraca hemphilli (Dall, 1884)

103 Melanella arcuata C. B. Adams, 1850

104 Melanella intermedia (Cantraines, 1835)

105 Niso aeglees Bush, 1885

106 Niso hendersoni Bartsch, 1953

107 Strombiformis bilineatus Alder, 1848

108 Strombiformis auricinctus Abbott, 1958

ACLIDIDAE
109 Aclis sp.
ATLANTIDAE
110 Atlanta peronii Lesueur, 1817
HIPPONICIDAE
111 Hipponix sp.

112 Malluvium benthophilum (Dall, 1889)

CAPULIDAE
113 Capulus incurvatus (Gmelin, 1791)

114 Capulus ungaricus (Linn‚ 1767)

CREPIDULIDAE
115 Calyptraea centralis (Conrad, 1841)

116 Crucibulum auricula (Gmelin, 1791)

117 Crepidula aculeata (Gmelin, 1791)

118 Crepidula convexa Say, 1822

119 Crepidula fornicata (Linn, 1758)

120 Crepidula maculosa Conrad, 1846

121 Crepidula plana Say, 1822

122 Crucibulum striatum Say, 1824

XENOPHORIDAE
123 Xenophora caribaeum Petit, 1856

124 Xenophora conchyliophora (Born, 1780)

125 Xenophora longleyi Bartsch, 1931

STROMBIDAE
126 Strombus alatus Gmelin, 1791
ERATOIDAE
127 Erato maugeriae Gray, 1832

128 Trivia maltbiana Schwengel & McGinty,1942

129 Trivia pediculus (Linn, 1758)

CYPRAEIDAE
130 Cypraea cervus Linn, 1771

131 Cypraea cinerea Gmelin, 1791

132 Cypraea spurca acicularis Gmelin, 1791

133 Cypraea zebra Linn, 1758

OVULIDAE
134 Cyphoma gibbosum (Linn, 1758)

135 Cyphoma macgintyi Pilsbry, 1939

136 Pseudocyphoma intermedium (Sowerby, 1828)

137 Simnialena uniplicata (Sowerby, 1848)

VELUTINIDAE
138 Lamellaria leucosphaera Schwengel, 1942
NATICIDAE
139 Natica canrena (Linn‚ 1758)

140 Natica marochiensis (Gmelin, 1791)

141 Nevertia duplicatus (Say, 1822)

142 Polinices lacteus (Guilding, 1834)

143 Sigatica carolinensis (Dall, 1889)

144 Sinum maculatum (Say, 1831)

145 Sinum perspectivum (Say, 1831)

146 Tectonatica pusilla (Say, 1822)

CASSIDAE
147 Cassis madagascariensis Lamarck, 1822

148 Phalium granulatum (Born, 1778)

149 Sconsia striata (Lamarck, 1816)

RANELLIDAE
150 Charonia tritonis variegata (Lamarck, 1816)

151 Cymatium corrugatum krebsii Morch, 1877

152 Cymatium cynocephalum (Lamarck, 1816)

153 Cymatium muricinum (Roding, 1798)

154 Cymatium parthenopeum (von Salis, 1793)

155 Cymatium pileare (Linn, 1758)

156 Cymatium vespaceum (Lamarck, 1822)

157 Linatella caudata (Gmelin, 1791)

PERSONIDAE
158 Distorsio clathrata (Lamarck, 1816)

159 Distorsio constricta macgintyi Emerson & Puffer, 1771

BURSIDAE
160 Bufonaria bufo (Bruguiere, 1792)

161 Bursa rhodostoma thomae (Orbigny, 1842)

TONNIDAE
162 Eudolium bairdii (Verrill & Smith, 1881)

163 Eudolium crosseanum (Monterosato, 1869)

164 Oocorys bartschi Rehder, 1943

165 Oocorys sulcata Fischer, 1883

166 Tonna maculosa (Dillwyn, 1817)

167 Tonna galea (Linn, 1758)

FICIDAE
168 Ficus communis Roding, 1798

169 Ficus carolae Clench, 1945

MURICIDAE
170 Chicoreus florifer dilectus (A. Adams, 1855)

171 Eupleura sulcidentata Dall, 1890

172 Favartia cellulosa (Conrad, 1846)

173 Murex anniae M. Smith, 1940

174 Murex bellegladeensis E. Vokes, 1963

175 Murex cabritii Bernardi, 1859

176 Murex rubidus F. C. Baker, 1897

177 Murex tryoni Hidalgo in Tryon, 1880

178 Murexiella hidalgoi (Crosse, 1869)

179 Murexiella leviculus (Dall, 1889)

180 Murexiella taylorae Petuch, 1987

181 Muricanthus fulvescens (Sowerby, 1834)

182 Siratus beauii (Fischer & Bernardi, 1857)

183 Paziella nuttingi (Dall, 1896)

184 Phyllonotus pomum (Gmelin, 1791)

185 Pteropurpura bequaerti (Clench & Farfante, 1945)

186 Urosalpinx tampaensis (Conrad, 1846)

187 Stromanita haemostoma floridana (Conrad, 1837)

188 Stromanita haemostoma canaliculata (Gray, 1839)

189 Urosalpinx cinerea (Say, 1822)

190 Urosalpinx perrugata (Conrad, 1846)

CORALLIOPHILIDAE
191 Coralliophila caribaea Abbott, 1958

192 Latiaxis mansfieldi (McGinty, 1940)

COLUMBELLIDAE
193 Aesopus stearnsii (Tryon, 1883)

194 Anachis avara (Say, 1822)

195 Anachis floridana Rehder, 1939

196 Anachis lafresnayi (Fisher & Bernardi, 1856)

197 Anachis obesa (C. B. Adams, 1845)

198 Anachis semiplicata Stearns, 1873

199 Anachis sparsa (Reeve, 1859)

200 Cosmioconcha calliglypta (Dall & Simpson, 1901)

201 Mitrella lunata (Say, 1826)

202 Mitrella zonalis Gould, 1848

203 Nassarina columbellata Dall, 1889

BUCCINIDAE
204 Antillophos candei (Orbigny, 1842)

205 Bailya intricata (Sowerby, 1828)

206 Cantharus cancellarius (Conrad, 1846)

207 Cantharus multangulus (Philippi, 1848)

208 Pisania tincta (Conrad, 1846)

MELONGENIDAE
209 Busycon lyonsi Petuch, 1987

210 Busycon sinistrum Hollister, 1958

211 Busycotypus plagosus (Conrad, 1863)

212 Melongena corona (Gmelin, 1791) form johnstonei Clench & Turner, 1956

NASSARIIDAE
213 Nassarius acutus (Say, 1822)

214 Nassarius albus (Say, 1826)

215 Nassarius vibex (Say, 1822)

FASCIOLARIIDAE
216 Fasciolaria bullisi Lyons, 1972

217 Fasciolaria lilium hunteria (G. Perry, 1811)

218 Fasciolaria tulipa (Linn, 1758)

219 Fusinus eucosmius (Dall, 1889)

220 Fusinus couei (Petit, 1853)

221 Fusinus helenae Bartsch, 1939

222 Fusinus stegeri Lyons,

223 Heilprinia timessus (Dall, 1889)

224 Latirus cariniferus Lamarck, 1822

225 Leucozonia nassa (Gmelin, 1791)

226 Pleuroploca gigantea (Kiener, 1840)

OLIVIDAE
227 Oliva sayana Ravenel, 1834

228 Olivella dealbata (Reeve, 1850)

229 Olivella floralia (Duclos, 1853)

230 Olivella minuta (Link, 1807)

231 Olivella mutica (Say, 1822)

232 Olivella pusilla (Marrat, 1871)

233 Olivella cf. rosolina (Duclos, 1835)

234 Olivella sp.

COSTELLARIDAE
235 Vexillum albocinctum (C. B. Adams, 1845)

236 Vexillum sp.

HARPIDAE
237 Morum oniscus (Linn, 1822)

238 Morum dennisoni (Reeve, 1842)

VOLUTIDAE
239 Scaphella dubia (Broderip, 1827) form kieneri Clench, 1946

240 Scaphella gouldiana (Dall, 1887) form robusta (Dall, 1889)

241 Scaphella junonia (Lamarck, 1804) form johnstoneae Clench, 1953

CANCELLARIDAE
242 Agatrix agassizii (Dall, 1889)

243 Cancellaria reticulata (Linn, 1767)

244 Cancellaria rosewateri Petit, 1983

245 Trigonostoma rugosum (Lamarck, 1822)

246 Trigonostoma tenerum (Philippi, 1848)

MARGINELLIDAE
247 Dentimargo eburneola (Conrad, 1834)

248 Dentimargo aureocincta Stearns, 1872

249 Granulina ovuliformis (Orbigny, 1841)

250 Marginella apicina Menke, 1828

251 Marginella bella Conrad, 1868

252 Marginella hartleyanum Schwengel, 1941

253 Volvarina avena (Kiener, 1834)

CONIDAE
254 Conus amphiurgus Dall, 1889

255 Conus armiger Crosse, 1858

256 Conus cancellatus Hwass, 1792 form austini Rehder & Abbott, 1951

257 Conus delessertii Recluz, 1843

258 Conus ermineus Born, 1778

259 Conus floridanus floridensis Sowerby, 1870

260 Conus jaspideus stearnsi Conrad, 1869

261 Conus mazei form macgintyi Pilsbry, 1955

262 Conus spurius Gmelin, 1791

263 Conus stimpsoni Dall, 1902

264 Conus villepini Fisher & Bernardi, 1857

TEREBRIDAE
265 Hastula cinerea (Born, 1778)

266 Hastula salleana (Deshayes, 1859)

267 Terebra arcas Abbott, 1954

268 Terebra concava Say, 1827

269 Terebra dislocata (Say, 1822)

269b Terebra dislocata form onslowensis (Petuch, 1974)

270 Terebra floridana Dall, 1889

271 Terebra lindae Petuch, 1987

272 Terebra protexta (Conrad, 1845)

273 Terebra taurina Lightfoot, 1786

TURRIDAE
274 Brachycythara barbarae Lyons, 1972

275 Cerodrillia thea (Dall, 1883)

276 Cochlespira elegans (Dall, 1881)

277 Compsodrillia acestra (Dall, 1889)

278 Cryoturris cerinella (Dall, 1889)

279 Cryoturris citronella (Dall, 1889)

280 Daphnella morra (Dall, 1881)

281 Gemmula periscelida (Dall, 1889)

282 Hindsiclava alesidota (Dall, 1889)

283 Ithycythara lanceolata (C. B. Adams, 1850)

284 Kurtziella cerina (Kurtz & Stimpson, 1851)

285 Kurtziella diomedea Bartsch & Rehder, 1939

286 Kurtziella limonitella (Dall, 1883)

287 Leucosyrinx tenoceras Dall, 1889

288 Leucosyrinx verrilli (Dall, 1889)

289 Nannodiella oxia (Bush, 1885)

290 Neodrillia cydia Bartsch, 1943

291 Pleurotomella bairdii Verrill & Smith, 1884

292 Pleurotomella blakeana (Dall, 1889)

293 Pleurotomella edgariana (Dall, 1889)

294 Polystira albida (Perry, 1811)

295 Polystira tellea (Dall, 1889)

296 Pyrogocythara hemphilli Bartsch & Rehder, 1939

297 Pyrgocythara plicosa (C. B. Adams, 1850)

298 Pyrgospira tampaensis (Bartsch & Rehder, 1939)

299 Turris sp. A

300 Turris sp. B

301 Turris sp. C = (Daphnella corbicula?)

302 Turris sp. D

PYRAMIDELLIDAE
303 Boonea impressa (Say, 1822)

304 Boonea seminuda (C. B. Adams, 1839)

305 Odostomia laevigata (Orbigny, 1842)

306 Odostomia weberi Morrison, 1965

307 Pyramidella crenulata (Holmes, 1859)

308 Sayella fusca (C. B. Adams, 1839)

309 Turbonilla aequalis (Say, 1827)

310 Turbonilla conradi Bush, 1899

311 Turbonilla dalli Bush, 1899

312 Turbonilla hemphilli Bush, 1899

313 Turbonilla incissa Bush, 1899

ACTEONIDAE
314 Acteon candens Rehder, 1939

315 Rictaxis punctostriatus (C. B. Adams, 1840)

RINGICULIDAE
316 Ringicula semistriata Orbigny, 1842
SCAPHANDRIDAE
317 Acteocina bidentata (Say, 1822)

318 Acteocina canaliculata (Say, 1822)

319 Acteocina candei (Orbigny, 1842)

320 Scaphander pilsbryi McGintyi, 1955

321 Scaphander watsoni Dall, 1881

PHILINIDAE
322 Philine sagra Orbigny, 1841

323 Philine sp.

BULLIDAE
324 Bulla striata Bruguiere, 1792
HAMINOEIDAE
325 Haminoea antillarum (Orbigny, 1841)

326 Haminoea elegans (Gray, 1825)

327 Haminoea petiti (Orbigny, 1841)

328 Haminoea succinea (Conrad, 1826)

RETUSIDAE
329 Pyrunculus caelatus (Bush, 1885)

330 Retusa sulcata (Orbigny, 1842)

331 Volvulella persimilis (Morch, 1875)

332 Volvulella recta (Morch, 1875)

333 Volvulella texasiana Harry, 1967

CAVOLINIIDAE
334 Cavolina longirostris (Blainvile, 1821)

335 Cavolina tridentata (Niebuhr, 1775)

336 Cavolina uncinata (Rang, 1829)

337 Creseis virgula (Rang, 1823)

338 Diacria trispinosa (Blainville, 1821)

339 Diacria quadridentata (Blainville, 1821)

MELAMPODIDAE
340 Melampus bidentatus Say, 1822
SIPHONARIIDAE
341 Williamia krebsii (M"rch, 1877)
APLYSIIDAE
342 Aplysia willcoxi Heilprin, 1886

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Class SCAPHOPODA
DENTALIIDAE
343 Antalis ceratum (Dall, 1881)

344 Dentalium bartletti Henderson, 1920

345 Dentalium laqueatum Verrill, 1885

346 Dentalium texasianum Philippi, 1848

347 Episiphon sowerbyi (Guilding, 1834)

348 Fissidentalium meridionale (Pilsbry & Sharp, 1897)

349 Graptacme perlongum (Dall, 1881)

350 Graptacme eborea (Conrad, 1846)

351 Laevidentalium callipeplum (Dall, 1889)

SIPHONODENTALIIDAE
352 Polyschides elongatus (Henderson, 1881)

353 Polyschides carolinensis (Bush, 1885)

354 Polyschides quadridentatus (Dall, 1881)

355 Polyschides tetrodon (Pilsbry & Sharp, 1898)

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Class POLYPLACOPHORA
ISHNOCHITONIDAE
356 Ishnochiton papillosus (C. B. Adams, 1845)
CHAETOPLEURIDAE
357 Chaetopleura apiculata (Say, 1830)
ACANTHOCHITONIDAE
358 Acanthochitona pygmaea (Pilsbry, 1893)

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Class BIVALVIA (PELECYPODA)
UNIONIDAE
359 Lampsilis claibornensis (Lea, 1838)

360 Obovaria jacksoniana Frierson, 1912

361 Toxolasma parvus (Barnes, 1823)

NUCULIDAE
362 Nucula crenulata A. Adams, 1856

363 Nucula fernandinae Dall, 1927

364 Nucula proxima Say, 1822

MALLETIIDAE
365 Tindaria amabilis Dall, 1889
NUCULANIDAE
366 Nuculana acuta (Conrad, 1832)

367 Nuculana carpenteri (Dall, 1881)

368 Nuculana concentrica (Say, 1824)

369 Yoldiella pachia (Verrill & Bush, 1897)

SOLEMYACIDAE
370 Solemya caribbaea H. E. Vokes, 1970

371 Solemya occidentalis Deshayes, 1857

ARCIDAE
372 Anadara baughmani Hertlein, 1951

373 Anadara brasiliana (Lamarck, 1819)

374 Anadara floridana (Conrad, 1869)

375 Anadara notabilis (Roding, 1798)

376 Anadara ovalis (Bruguiere, 1789)

377 Anadara transversa (Say, 1822)

378 Arca imbricata Bruguiere, 1789

379 Arca zebra (Swainson, 1833)

380 Arcopsis adamsi (Dall, 1886)

381 Barbatia candida (Helbling, 1779)

382 Barbatia domingensis (Lamarck, 1819)

383 Noetia ponderosa (Say, 1822)

LIMOPSIDAE
384 Limopsis aurita (Brocchi, 1814)

385 Limopsis minuta Philippi, 1836

386 Limopsis sulcata Verrill & Bush, 1898

GLYCYMERIDIDAE
387 Glycymeris americana (DeFrance, 1829)

388 Glycymeris pectinata (Gmelin, 1791)

389 Glycymeris spectralis Nicol, 1952

MYTILIDAE
390 Amygdalum papyrium (Conrad, 1846)

391 Amygdalum politum (Verrill & Smith, 1886)

392 Amygdalum sagittatum Rehder, 1934

393 Brachidontes exustus (Linn, 1758)

394 Brachidontes modiolus (Linn, 1758)

395 Crenella divaricata (Orbigny, 1845)

396 Dacrydium vitreum (Hoboll in Moller, 1842)

397 Geukensia demissa (Dillwyn, 1817)

398 Ischadium recurvum (Rafinesque, 1820)

399 Lithophaga aristata (Dillwyn, 1817)

400 Lithophaga bisulcata (Orbigny, 1842)

401 Modiolus modiolus squamosus Beauperthuy, 1967

402 Musculus lateralis (Say, 1822)

PINNIDAE
403 Atrina rigida (Lightfoot, 1786)

404 Atrina serrata (Sowerby, 1825)

405 Atrina seminuda (Lamarck, 1819)

406 Atrina sp. nov.

PTERIIDAE
407 Pteria colymbus (Roding, 1798)
ISOGNOMONIDAE
408 Isognomon sp.
PECTINIDAE
409 Aequipecten glyptus (Verrill, 1882)

410 Aequipecten muscosus (Wood, 1828)

411 Amussium papyraceum (Gabb, 1873)

412 Argopecten gibbus (Linn, 1758)

413 Argopecten irradians concentricus (Say, 1822)

414 Argopecten lineolaris (Lamarck, 1819)

415 Chlamys benedicti (Verrill & Bush, 1897)

416 Cryptopecten phrygium (Dall, 1886)

417 Nodipecten nodosus (Linn, 1758)

418 Pecten chazaliei Dautzenberg, 1900

419 Pecten raveneli Dall, 1898

PROPEAMUSSIDAE
420 Cyclopecten nanus Verrill & Bush, 1897

421 Cyclopecten sigsbeei (Dall, 1886)

422 Propeamussium dalli (E. A. Smith, 1886)

423 Propeamussium sp. nov.

PLICATULIDAE
424 Plicatula gibbosa Lamarck, 1801
SPONDYLIDAE
425 Spondylus americanus Hermann, 1781

426 Spondylus ictericus Reeve, 1856

DIMYIDAE
427 Dimya argentea Dall, 1886
ANOMIIDAE
428 Anomia simplex Orbigny, 1842
LIMIDAE
429 Lima bullisi Vokes, 1963

430 Lima locklini McGinty,1955

431 Lima pellucida C. B. Adams, 1846

432 Lima scabra (Born, 1778)

433 Limea bronniana Dall, 1886

434 Limatula subauriculata (Montagu, 1808)

OSTREIDAE
435 Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791)

436 Dendostrea frons (Linne, 1758)

437 Ostreola equestris (Say, 1834)

LUCINIDAE
438 Anodontia alba Link, 1807

439 Codakia orbicularis (Linn, 1758)

440 Divaricella quadrisulcata (Orbigny, 1842)

441 Linga amiantus (Dall, 1901)

442 Linga pensylvanica (Linn, 1758)

443 Linga sombrerensis (Dall, 1886)

444 Lucina nassula (Conrad, 1846)

445 Lucina pectinata (Gmelin, 1791)

446 Lucina radians (Conrad, 1846)

447 Lucinoma sp.

448 Parvilucina multilineata (Tuomey & Holmes, 1857)

449 Pseudomiltha floridana (Conrad, 1833)

THYASIRIDAE
450 Thyasira trisinuata Orbigny, 1842
UNGULINIDAE
451 Diplodonta punctata (Say, 1822)

452 Diplodonta semiaspera (Philippi, 1836)

CHAMIDAE
453 Arcinella cornuta Conrad, 1866

454 Chama congregata Conrad, 1833

455 Chama macerophylla (Gmelin, 1791)

456 Pseudochama radians (Lamarck, 1819)

MONTACUTIDAE
457 Mysella planulata (Stimpson, 1857)

458 Pythinella cuneata (Verrill & Bush, 1898)

CARDITIDAE
459 Carditamera floridana Conrad, 1838

460 Pleuromeris armilla (Dall, 1902)

461 Pleuromeris tridentata (Say, 1826)

CONDYLOCARDIIDAE
462 Cuna dalli Vanatta, 1904
ASTARTIDAE
463 Astarte nana Dall, 1886
CRASSATELLIDAE
464 Eucrassatella speciosa (A. Adams, 1852)

465 Crassinella lunulata (Conrad, 1834)

466 Crassinella martinicensis (Orbigny, 1842)

CARDIIDAE
467 Americardia media (Linn, 1758)

468 Dinocardium robustum (Lightfoot, 1786)

469 Laevicardium laevigatum (Linn, 1758)

470 Laevicarium mortoni (Conrad, 1830)

471 Laevicardium pictum (Ravenel, 1861)

472 Laevicardium sybariticum (Dall, 1886)

473 Nemocardium peramabile (Dall, 1881)

474 Nemocardium tinctum (Dall, 1881)

475 Nemocardium transversum Rehder & Abbott, 1951

476 Papyridea latum (Born, 1778)

477 Papyridea soleniformis (Bruguiere, 1789)

478 Trachycardium muricatum (Linn‚ 1758)

479 Trigoniocardia antillarum (Orbigny, 1842)

MACTRIDAE
480 Anatina anatina (Spengler, 1802)

481 Mactra fragilis Gmelin, 1791

482 Mulinia lateralis (Say, 1822)

483 Raeta plicatella (Lamarck, 1819)

484 Rangia cuneata (Sowerby, 1831)

485 Spisula solidissima (Dillwyn, 1817)

MESODESMATIDAE
486 Ervilia concentrica (Holmes, 1860)

487 Ervilia nitens (Montagu, 1806)

SOLENIDAE
488 Ensis minor Dall, 1900

489 Solen viridis Say, 1821

TELLINIDAE
490 Macoma constricta (Bruguiere, 1792)

491 Macoma extenuata Dall, 1900

492 Macoma mitchelli Dall, 1895

493 Macoma pulleyi Boyer, 1969

494 Macoma tenta (Say, 1834)

495 Strigilla mirabilis (Philippi, 1841)

496 Strigilla surinamensis Boss, 1972

497 Tellidora cristata (Recluz, 1842)

498 Tellina aequistriata Say, 1824

499 Tellina alternata Say, 1822

500 Tellina iris Say, 1822

501 Tellina lineata Turton, 1819

502 Tellina listeri Roding, 1798

503 Tellina nitens C. B. Adams, 1845

504 Tellina squamifera Deshayes, 1855

505 Tellina sybaritica Dall, 1881

506 Tellina tampaensis Conrad,1866

507 Tellina texana Dall, 1900

508 Tellina versicolor DeKay, 1843

509 Tellina sp.

DONACIDAE
510 Donax variabilis Say, 1822
SEMELIDAE
511 Abra aequalis (Say, 1822)

512 Abra lioica (Dall, 1881)

513 Abra longicostata americana Verrill & Bush, 1898

514 Cummingia tellinoides (Conrad, 1831)

515 Semele bellastriata (Conrad, 1837)

516 Semele proficua (Pulteney, 1799)

517 Semele purpurascens (Gmelin, 1791)

SOLECURTIDAE
518 Solecurtus cumingianus Dunker, 1861

519 Tagelus plebeius (Lightfoot, 1786)

520 Tagelus divisus (Spengler, 1794)

DREISSENIDAE
521 Mytilopsis leucophaeata (Conrad, 1831)
VESICOMYIDAE
522 Calyptogena ponderosa Boss, 1968
CORBICULIDAE
523 Polymesoda caroliniana (Bosc, 1801)
VENERIDAE
524 Agriopoma texasianum (Dall, 1892)

525 Anomalocardia auberiana (Orbigny, 1842)

526 Callista eucymata (Dall, 1890)

527 Chione cancellata (Linn, 1767)

528 Chione clenchi Pulley, 1952

529 Chione grus (Holmes, 1858)

530 Chione intapurpurea (Conrad, 1849)

531 Chione latilirata (Conrad, 1841)

532 Cyclinella tenuis (Recluz, 1852)

533 Dosinia elegans Conrad, 1846

534 Dosinia discus (Reeve, 1850)

535 Gemma gemma (Totten, 1834)

536 Gouldia cerina (C. B. Adams, 1845)

537 Macrocallista maculata (Linn, 1758)

538 Macrocallista nimbosa (Lightfoot, 1786)

539 Mercenaria campechiensis (Gmelin, 1791)

540 Mercenaria mercenaria texana (Dall, 1902)

541 Parastarte triquetra (Conrad, 1846)

542 Pitar cordatus (Schwengel, 1951)

543 Pitar fulminatus (Menke, 1828)

544 Pitar simpsoni (Dall, 1889)

545 Ventricolaria rugatina (Heilprin, 1887)

PETRICOLIDAE
546 Petricola pholadiformis (Lamarck,1818)

547 Rupellaria typica (Jonas, 1844)

MYIDAE
548 Sphenia antillensis Dall & Simpson, 1901
CORBULIDAE
549 Corbula barrattiana C. B. Adams, 1852

550 Corbula chittyana C. B. Adams, 1852

551 Corbula contracta Say, 1822

552 Corbula cymella Dall, 1881

553 Corbula swiftiana C. B. Adams, 1852

554 Varicorbula operculata (Philippi, 1848)

GASTROCHAENIDAE
555 Gastrochaena hians (Gmelin, 1791)

556 Spengleria rostrata (Spengler, 1783)

HIATELLIDAE
557 Hiatella artica (Linn, 1767)

558 Hiatella azaria (Dall, 1881)

559 Panopea bitruncata Conrad, 1872

PHOLADIDAE
560 Barnea truncata (Say, 1822)

561 Cyrtopleura costata (Linn, 1758)

562 Diplothyra smithii Tryon, 1862

563 Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822)

565 Pholas campechiensis Gmelin, 1791

LYONSIIDAE
566 Lyonsia floridana Conrad, 1849
PANDORIDAE
567 Pandora arenosa Conrad, 1834

568 Pandora bushiana Dall, 1886

569 Pandora inflata Boss & Merrill, 1965

570 Pandora trilineata Say, 1822

THRACIIDAE
571 Asthenothaerus hemphilli Dall, 1886

572 Bushia elegans (Dall, 1886)

PERIPLOMATIDAE
573 Periploma margaritaceum (Lamarck, 1801)
POROMYIDAE
574 Poromya rostrata Rehder, 1943
VERTICORDIIDAE
575 Verticordia ornata (Orbigny, 1842)
CUSPIDARIIDAE
576 Cardiomya costellata (Deshayes, 1837)

577 Cardiomya ornatissima (Orbigny, 1842)

578 Cuspidaria sp.

579 Plectodon granulatus (Dall, 1881)

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Class CEPHALOPODA
SPIRULIDAE
580 Spirula spirula (Linn, 1758)
SEPIOLIDAE
581 Rossia bullisi Voss, 1956
LOLIGINIDAE
582 Loligo pealeii Lesueur, 1821

583 Lolliguncula brevis (Blainville, 1823)

ENOPLOTEUTHIDAE
584 Abralia veranyi (Ruppell, 1844)
LEPIDOTEUTHIDAE
585 Pholidoteuthis adami Voss, 1956
LYCOTEUTHIDAE
586 Lycoteuthis diadema (Chun, 1900)

587 Oregoniateuthis springeri Voss, 1956

HISTIOTEUTHIDAE
588 Histioteuthis corona corona (Voss & Voss, 1962)
OMMASTREPHIDAE
589 Illex illecebrosus (Lesueur, 1821)
CHIROTEUTHIDAE
590 Chiroteuthis lacertosa Verrill, 1881
GRIMALDITEUTHIDAE
591 Grimalditeuthis bonplandii (Verany, 1837)
CRANCHIIDAE
592 Cranchia scabra Leach, 1817
OCTOPODIDAE
593 Benthoctopus januari Hoyle, 1885

594 Octopus burryi Voss, 1950

595 Octopus vulgaris Cuvier,1797

ALLOPOSIDAE
596 Alloposus mollis Verrill, 1880
STAUROTEUTHIDAE
597 Cirroctopus megaptera Verrill, 1885
OPISTHOTEUTHIDAE
598 Opisthoteuthis agassizi Verrill, 1883
ARGONAUTIDAE
599 Argonauta argo Linn, 1758

600 Argonauta hians Lightfoot, 1786

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
This study was made possible in part by a grant from the North Alabama Shell Club, Huntsville, Alabama and I am indebted to them for their support. This study would not have been possible without the assistance of many people. The late Dr. R. Tucker Abbott of American Malacologists, Inc., Melbourne, Florida labored vigorously to identify and confirm the identifications of many specimens and was a great source of encouragement. The late Mr. Walter F. Sage III of the American Museum of Natural History, New York City identified or confirmed specimens; was a true friend and encourager. Dr. Emilio Garcia of Lafayette, Louisiana shared his collection records from Alabama waters and provided specimens. Mr. William G. Lyons of the Florida Department of Natural Resources, St. Petersburg, Florida; Dr. Paula Mikkelsen, Curator of Mollusks at the American Museum of Natural History, New York City; Mr. Richard E. Petit, Associate with the U. S. National Museum, Washington, D. C.; Dr. James F. Quinn of the Florida Department of Natural Resources, St. Petersburg, Florida; Mr. Kevan Sunderland, Sunrise, Florida each identified or confirmed specimens in their areas of expertise. Dr. Thomas S. Hopkins of the University of Alabama has been my mentor throughout much of my malacological endeavors and I am grateful for his confidence and support. Ms. Harriet Perry of the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory in Ocean Springs, Mississippi provided specimens and information on cephalopods. Representatives of molluscan fauna from the continental slope taken during the course of MARFIN Project #NA87WC-H-06142 (NOAA, NMFS) were supplied by the Gulf Coast Research Laboratory. Dr. Barry A. Vittor and Ms. Marianne Whitehurst of Barry A. Vittor & Associates, Inc., Mobile, Alabama provided collection data. Mr. Benny Rohr of the National Marine Fisheries Service Laboratory in Pascagoula, Mississippi provided collection records. Drs. Sneed Collard and Charles D'Asaro of the University of West Florida and Mr. Kevan Sunderland of Sunrise, Florida allowed access to their mollusk collections and provided voucher specimens. Additional specimens were provided by Dr. William Schroeder, Mr. Stan Beasley and Ms. Jenny Cook of the Dauphin Island Sea Lab, Dauphin Island, Alabama as well as the following amateurs and collectors: Wayne Barber, Hilda Bosarge, Ron Clark, Gina Courington, Bob Davis, Shirley Dennis, Buddy Dunlop, Lynn Fornea, Richard (Pud) Gazzier, Thomas J. Hansknecht, Rodney Harper, Howard Horne, John Plovanich Sr., Wilhelmina (Helen) Plovanich, Nita Reisner, Edward T. Schelling, B. Kay Smith, Elwood Williams, Mr. & Mrs. Milton Zirlott, and Perry Zirlott.

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REFERENCES

Abbott, R. Tucker. 1968. Seashells of North America. Golden Press, New York. 280 pp.

Abbott, R. Tucker. 1968. The helmet shells of the world (Cassidae) Part1. Indo-Pacific Mollusca 2(9):15-202.

Abbott, R. Tucker. 1974. American Seashells. Second Edition. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York. 663 pp.

Abbott, R. Tucker and S. Peter Dance. 1986. Compendium of Seashells. Third Edition. American Malacologists, Inc., Melbourne, Florida. 411 pp.

Bayer, Frederick M. 1971. New and unusual mollusks collected by the R/V John Elliott Pillsbury and R/V Gerda in the tropical Western Atlantic. In: Bayer, Frederick M. and Gilbert L. Voss, Eds. Studies in Tropical American Mollusks. University of Miami Press, Coral Gables, Florida. pp. 111-236.

Bratcher, Twila and Walter O. Cernohorsky. 1987. Living Terebras of the World: A Monograph of the Recent Terebridae of the World. American Malacologists, Inc., Melbourne, Florida. 240 pp.

Burgess, C. M. 1985. Cowries of the World. First Edition. Gordon Verhoef, Seacomber Publications, South Africa. 289 pp.

Dall, William H. 1881. Reports on the results of dredging under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico and in the Caribbean Sea, 1877-79, by the U. S. Coast Survey Steamer "Blake". Lieutenant-Commander J. R. Bartlett, U. S. N., commanding. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. IX(2):144 pp.

Dall, William H. 1889. A preliminary catalogue of the shell-bearing marine mollusks and brachiopods of the southeastern coast of the United States, with illustrations of the many species. Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 37, 232 pp plus XCV plates.

Johnstone, Kathleen Yerger. 1957. Sea Treasure: A Guide to Shell Collecting. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 242 pp.

Johnstone, Kathleen Yerger. 1970. Collecting Seashells. Grossett & Dunlap Publishers New York. 198 pp.

Morris, Percy A. 1975. A Field Guide to Shells of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast and the West Indies. Third Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, Massachusetts. 330 pp.

Ponder, W. F. 1983. Xenophoridae of the World. Memoir 17 ed. The Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia. 126 pp.

Radwin, George E. and Anthony D'Attilio. 1976. Murex Shells of the World. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 284 pp.

Rombouts, A. 1991. Guidebook to Pecten Shells. Universal Book Services, The Netherlands. 157 pp.

Walls, Jerry G. 1980. Conchs, Tibias, and Harps. T. F. H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Hong Kong. 191 pp.

Walls, Jerry G. (N. D.). Cone Shells: A Synopsis of the Living Conidae. T. F. H. Publications Inc. Ltd., Hong Kong. 1011 pp.

Warmke, Germaine L. and R. Tucker Abbott. 1962. Caribbean Seashells. Livingston Publishing Company, Narbeth, Pennsylvania. 348 pp.

Weaver, Clifton S. and John E. du Pont. 1970. The Living Volutes. Delaware Museum of Natural History, Greenville, Delaware. 375 pp including 79 color plates.

Zeigler, Rowland F. and Humber C. Porreca. 1969. Olive Shells of the World. Rochester Polychrome Press, Inc., Rochester, New York. 96 pp.

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[Gastropoda] - [Scaphopoda] - [Polyplacophora] - [Bivalvia] - [Cephalopoda]
[Acknowledgements] - [References] - [Alabama Mollusks] - [North Alabama Shell Club]


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Last Revised: March 17, 1998 (Minor change 6-25-2000)