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Lesson #2

"Visions of Judgment"

                                Text: Isaiah 1:1-4; 10:1-12; 34:1-17

Plan:  The next three studies from the book of Isaiah

Lesson 2: The Visions of Judgment (ch. 1-35)
Lesson 3: The Historical Narrative - Hezekiah (ch. 36-39)
Lesson 4: The Visions of Comfort (chs. 40-66)

Today's Text:

1.   God's Indictment of a Rebellious People -- Isa. 1:1-4
2.   Example of Social Injustice -- Isa. 10:1-4
3.   Judgment on Assyria prophesied -- Isa. 10:5-12
4.   Woe for Misplacing One's Trust -- Isa. 30:13; 31:1ff
5.   Summary of Oracles Against the Nations -- Isa. 34:1-17


  In his Visions of Judgment Isaiah issues God's condemnation and
coming judgment upon Jerusalem for straying from God, for social
injustices, and for putting their trust in the wrong place.

  Like most of the other prophets Isaiah also had a message for the
nations around Judah.  In chapters 13 thru 23 he has a word for the
Lord of Babylon, Assyria, Philistia, Moab, Damascus (Syria),
Ethiopia, Egypt, etc.

  In this lesson we want to get a sample of Isaiah's Visions of
Coming Judgment, sometimes referred to as "the day of the Lord"
(2:12; 13:6, 9; 34:8; 58:5; 61:2).  It stood as a time of reckoning with
them, and foresees the final "Day of the Lord" that is in our future yet.

  Q-1  What is pictured as our ultimate "Day of the Lord" in the
New Testament?  (2 Peter 3:10; 2 Cor. 5:10).


  Verse 1.  The prophets were preachers to the people of their own
times.  From the opening verse we learn the historical time frame of
Isaiah's prophecies.  The prophets often assured the people that God
was not forgetting His promises of a Redeemer by giving a revelation
about Him and His work.

  The kings mentioned parallel the time of Israel's fall to Assyria. 
Uzziah was a fairly good king but still allowed idolatry to exist in
Judah.  He was the king who developed leprosy and his son Jotham
ruled his house.  During this period almost every king brought his son
who was to reign after him to the throne to co-reign with him and thus
assure peaceful succession.

  Q-2.  How had God "reared and brought up Israel?"

  Verse 3.  Even dumb animals show better recognition of who their
Provider is than Judah.

  Verse 4.  The prophet piles up descriptions of the evil of the
people.  Sinful, guilt ridden, evil, corrupt, forsook God, despised Him,

  Notice in vs. 2 and vs. 4 that "LORD" is all caps, meaning the
personal name of God.  They had not spurned religion but had turned
to the pagan idols of the land and forgot who it was that had brought
them into Canaan and given them the land.

  The title "Holy One of Israel" is one of Isaiah's favorite
designations for God in his book.  This title recognizes God's
character and who His people are.

  Lesson:  How quick we are to forget!  How ungrateful we tend to
be!  God despises sin, evil, and corruption.



  Verses 1-2.  Those who most needed the protection of the courts
were being exploited.  God doesn't like it when justice is prevented by
the rich and influential paying bribes.  When a nation's courts and
political officials become corrupt it is in deep trouble.

  Verses 2-4.  A Holy God will not allow such injustice to go
uncorrected for long.  He will bring about an upheaval to that society. 
The question then is, Where can the wicked turn in the day of trouble?

  This lesson applies not only to a nation like Israel, but to

  Q-3  What does this passage serve to do for the oppressed and the

          III.  JUDGMENT ON ASSYRIA --  Israel 10:5-12

  Verse 5-6.  This passage shows the rule of God among the
nations of the world.  What a God is GOD who controls and uses
men and nations to carry out his purposes!

  The Lord was using Assyria as his instrument of wrath against a
godless nation.  He was the Lord's Judgment upon a people to
plunder and destroy them.  But the Lord wants them to know they
will also be judged for their wickedness.

  Perhaps this helps us to see why the Lord permits some wicked
and cruel nations to exist.

  Verse 7-11.  The Assyrian king didn't realize he was God's
agent.  He thought he just went forth conquering because he was so
powerful!  We see the thinking of a worldly minded dictator, he
thought no one was able to stop him.  He reasoned that Jerusalem's
God was no greater than those of other nations he had subdued (2
Kings 18:33-35).

  Verse 12.  When the Lord finished His use of the bragging bully
from Assyria he also would be punished.  The Lord permits rulers
to be "a terror to the evil doer and a rewarder of those who do
good" (cf. Romans 13:1-7).  He even permits evil rulers to exercise
tyranny- but only so far!

  Lesson:  God is the sovereign Ruler of the universe and has the
whole world in His hands.

       IV.  MISPLACED TRUST -- [Read]  Isaiah 30:1-3; 31:1

  Isaiah's woe expresses both grief and a threat.  Israel followed
the Lord when it suited her, but when it was not followed the Lord
when it suited her, but when it was not convenient she did as he
pleased forfeiting God's approval.

  Isaiah tried to persuade Jerusalem to trust God for her safety. 
Leaders, like Hezekiah, were constantly being advised by politicians
and false prophets to seek alliances and treaties with Egypt.  Egypt,
however, was a "paper tiger" and such comrades would be to her
shame to Judah.

  The church like Israel is not to be friends with the world, if we
are we've lost our distinctiveness (2 Cor. 6).

  Q-4  What did James have to say about this? (James 4:4)

  Q-5  Thought Question:  In what way(s) do you think
Christians today are in danger of misplacing their trust?

  [Read]  Isaiah 31:1. Chariots could be used in flat terrain but
were useless in the hill country of Judea.  But there was another
reason thy Egyptian chariots are condemned.  They were a symbol
of Judah's attempt to deliver herself from her enemies by her own
hand and to forget the power and availability of God.  But to have
God's help meant she would have to do some repenting, and this is
what hindered Jerusalem from turning to the Lord.  She wanted
"deliverance" but she also loved her own evil ways.

  Q-6  Thought Question:  God can surely bless us and heal our
problems with drugs, alcohol, aids, broken homes, sexual
permissiveness, etc., but what would it require?

  Q-7  Thought Question:  What might it require to bring us to
the point we would be read to do this?

  Jerusalem thought the sole answer to everything was to have a
strong military and political strategy.

        V. ORACLES AGAINST THE NATIONS -- [Read]  Isa. 34:1-4

  Isaiah singles out and announces God's coming wrath upon the
nations around Jerusalem.  Ch. 34 stands as a king of summary of
what he had to say against all the nations rolled up into one sermon.

  Remember the prophets presented God's revelation of coming
judgment and blessings with poetic visual language.  God's sword is
pictured as bathed in blood with the fat of those animals sacrificed
still clinging to his sword (Verse 6).  This is not literal, but we can
certainly get the picture of what is going to happen.

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